At the University, students are expected to learn the skill of writing in different referencing styles according to the instructions given by the lecturer when composing written assignments. The most crucial referencing styles have techniques of formulating them to attain high level precision. University students can apply the following referencing styles:

  1. American Psychological Association (APA 6th Edition)
  2. American Medical Association (AMA)
  3. Modern Language Association (MLA)
  4. Harvard
  5. Chicago Turabian (9th Edition)
  6. Vancouver

American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing

The APA citation style is mostly used to format assignments in social sciences by providing the general appearance of in-text references, the reference page, and paragraphs structure. The following guidelines should be followed to compose a paper in APA reference style;

  • Compose a cover page with the first page containing a running header, the title of the paper, the name of the student, and the institutional affiliation involved.
  • The second page should contain the introduction part and the first paragraph that starts off from the edge of the page.
  • The second paragraph should be indented to display the beginning of the body part of the assignment in APA format.
  • In-text citations should reveal the author of a publication and the year of publication, stated in brackets at the end of a sentence with information borrowed from the publication.
  • The reference list is the final page, which should have the title “References” centered in the paper, while the list of references in APA format stated below to indicate they were used in composing the assignment.

American Medical Association (AMA)

The American Medical Association referencing style is mostly used to compose assignments in medical science with information utilized to create scholarly journals. The manual for guiding editors and authors on how to reference using this style is the 10th edition, released in 2007. Students pursuing a course in medical science can use the following guidelines to compose their research work in AMA style;

  • The cover page should reveal the title of the document at the header part, while the information required in the page consists of; title of the assignment’s topic, student’s name, instructor’s name, course title, and the date of submission.
  • The second page should present the introduction part, with a title at the top; the first paragraph begins at the edge of the page.
  • The body part begins from the second paragraph that is indented while the in-text citations should provide a brief number that readers can refer to on the reference list.
  • The final page should be the reference page that contains a list of sources written in order with a numerical number attached to enable in-text citation during the writing of the paper.

Modern Language Association  

The Modern Language Association (MLA) referencing style is widely used in formatting assignments in literature and language. The reference style strengthens the understanding of literature by using a reader-friendly appearance that requires editors and authors to specify the source of quotes and information in their writing. The following guidelines are essential in MLA referencing style;

  • There is no separate cover page required in this style since the introduction part begins in the first page.
  • The details necessary for presentation in the first page consist of; student’s name, instructor’s name, course title, and date of submission while the header part reveals the surname of the student.
  • The first paragraph can be indented while the in-text citations should reveal the name of the author and the page number of the information cited.
  • The final page is known as the works cited page and it reveals the list of sources utilized to compose the particular paper.

Harvard Referencing Style

The Harvard referencing style is a technique used by university students to primarily present their course work in wide-spread fields of specialty. The Harvard reference style is used to develop scholarly work in most disciplines within the University for its Precision and clarity in composing the paragraphs and in-text citations. The following guidelines are essential in applying the Harvard referencing style;

  • There must be a separate cover page with the header part giving the title of the document, while the rest of the page contains; the topic of research, name of the student, name of the instructor, course title, discipline of study, name of the university, the location of the university, and the date of submission.
  • The introduction paragraph does not need an indentation and the body paragraphs should contain in-text citations enclosed in parenthesis. Within the parenthesis, the name of the author, year of publication, and page number of the information used should be revealed.
  • The final page is a list of references used in composing the assignment.

Chicago Turabian referencing style

The Chicago Turabian referencing style is applied in composing documents from the humanities, art and literature discipline that involve historical information. Documents formatted using this citation style refers to the Turabian manual from the 9th edition. The following guidelines are to be used in this reference style;

  • There must be a separate cover page in the document with the header part containing the author’s surname while the rest of the details contained include; title of the document, student’s name, instructor’s name, institutional affiliation, and the date of submission.
  • The body part of the document should present all relevant information with references included as footnotes are set in every page to indicate the bibliography used.
  • The final page should be the list of bibliography used so as to reveal the sources of in-text citations as well as other references used. The bibliography displays both references used for in-text citations and others that have not been cited.

Vancouver Referencing Style

The Vancouver reference style is a formatting style that refers to a numbering style of presenting its citations to make the document easy to read. The following guidelines are used in the citation style;

  • The formatting style uses abbreviations for the titles and journals present in the document.
  • The Vancouver referencing style uses unique numbering in-text citations while referring to the author of a publication.
  • The final page consists of a reference list organized in alphabetic order to enhance the numeric presentation of sources in the body part of the paper.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *